The Global Achievement Gap by Tony Wagner and was struck by this passage on page 205 (great synopsis here):
Michael Jung believes there are only three reasons why people work or learn (in summary):
1. Push - a need, threat, or risk which is the less credible motivating force why students learn. I often hear teachers (sometimes me) saying, "You need to learn this for the test," or "Do your homework or else."
2. Transfer of habits - habits shaped by social norms and traditional routines. Think chivalry and saying please and thank you.
3. Pull - learning because of interest, desire, or passion.
This made me think, in the age of Standards, Objectives, Understanding by Design, Standardized Assessments, etc.: How can we design classrooms to allow kids to PULL instead of us always pushing content in the classroom?